Developing a Plan to Implement PAs

Educator develops a long-range implementation plan for performance assessment for learning.
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Earn Graduate Credit
Graduate-level credit is available for this micro-credential. You can apply for credit through one of our university partners after successfully completing the micro-credential.
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About this Micro-credential

Key Method

The educator conducts a needs analysis to determine and plot a course for your team/school/district. In collaboration with stakeholders, develop a two-year implementation plan.

Method Components

The Leading a Performance Assessment Learning Community for Learning stack is designed so that, if all three credentials are taken together, they will become more than the sum of their parts. Each micro-credential is intended to be able to stand on its own; however, the ideas and activities of each of these credentials support and expand on the others, allowing a fuller appreciation of performance assessment and the value it brings to an educational system. Even more value will be gained by engaging in all three Performance Assessment for Learning stacks together.

Your Task:

The earner, in collaboration with colleagues, will develop a two-year implementation plan for his/her district, school, department, or interdisciplinary team (depending on your role) based on an assessment of needs and expressed goals. The first year will be laid out in detail, with clear benchmarks. The second year—because it depends on the outcomes of the first—will be broader.

Important points:

  1. Work takes place with a team specifically charged with this effort. Earner has a lead role in the group.
  2. The assessment of need can be formal or informal, but it is necessary that you present evidence supporting the need that has surfaced (e.g., interviews, survey, etc.). In some cases, a needs analysis leading to the selection of performance assessment as a primary focus will have already occurred; in this case, summarize the process and outcome and analyze the lessons learned from the process used, as well as both strengths and weaknesses.
  3. Begin by asking A Few Important Questions About Your School (See Resources).
  4. Set clear roles and responsibilities for group members.
  5. Processes are in place to solicit comment and feedback from diverse stakeholders (e.g., communication systems).

Research & Resources

Supporting Research

  • Wayman, J. C., Brewer, C., & Stringfield, S. (2009). Leadership for effective data use. In Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.


  • Altschuld, J. W., & Witkin, B. R. (2000). From needs assessment to action: Transforming needs into solution strategies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Models of Assessing Need

Action Plan Tools

Submission Requirements

Submission Guidelines & Evaluation Criteria

To earn the micro-credential, you must receive a passing evaluation for Parts 1 and 3 and a “Got it” for Part 2.

Part 1. Overview questions

(200-word limit for each response)

It may be that you answer the questions below within the body of your needs assessment. If so, you may simply indicate where in the needs assessment each answer can be found.

  • Describe the context in which this change work is taking place. What are the school demographics? Its history? Describe the community, etc.

  • Describe your role in the school community and in the team charged with implementing Performance Assessments for Learning in the school community.

  • Describe how you reached out and engaged school stakeholders in this process.

Part 2. Evidence/artifacts

To earn the micro-credential for Developing a Plan to Implement PAs, the educator must submit the following:

  • A narrative describing and analyzing the needs of the school under discussion. This can be a written report, but it does not have to be. It could be a presentation, oral, visual, etc.

  • A detailed action plan for the first year of implementation of performance assessment in your setting and a broader plan (including goals) for the second year.

  • All primary sources used in the formulation of items 1 and 2, such as interviews, policy documents, mission statements, etc.

Part 3: Reflection

Write a reflective essay (1,000-word limit) OR record a five- to ten-minute video or audio addressing the following topics (be sure to use specificsthat illustrate why you come to the conclusions you do):

  • If you were to participate in this "needs assessment" work again, what would you do differently and why?

  • If you were to participate in this "two-year implementation plan" work again, what would you do differently and why?

Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)


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