The teacher makes effective use of the 4:1 technique to decrease student off-task behavior. The ratio of four pieces of praise to one criticism provides encouragement and builds trust. The 4:1 praise technique supports and reinforces good behavior. Praise can be as simple as a high five, a pat on the back, or a verbal compliment to the student.
Teacher demonstrates effective use of the 4:1 technique to decrease off-task behavior in the TeachLivE simulator. Teacher must complete all planning stages before demonstration and reflection.
Off-task behavior is defined as behaviors not related to classroom objectives, rules, or lessons. Typical off-task behaviors might include:
Counter-examples of off-task behavior:
Positive praise is defined as complimentary teacher statements to students intended to encourage a behavior.
A negative comment is a teacher statement to students intended to discourage a behavior.
The 4:1 technique can be used in all classrooms, with every age group, and at every academic level. The teacher will use praise (see definitions and examples above) to create a positive classroom environment and reduce off-task behaviors.
Research on the importance of managing off-task behavior
Research on the use of the 4:1 technique for off-task behavior management
In order to show competency in 4:1, you must plan appropriately, following the steps outlined by TeachLivE. You must complete all five planning steps and respond in writing to part 1 before beginning part 2. Part 2 (Evidence generation) will occur in the simulator, followed by a brief written reflection in part 3. To earn the micro-credential, you must receive a passing score for all submission guidelines.
(200-word limit for each response)
To earn this micro-credential, the candidate will decrease the frequency of off-task behavior from his or her first session to the last, using the 4:1 praise technique. Each simulation will last approximately 10 minutes. An observer will collect data on the number of successful times 4:1 is used each session, and you will be provided with the number after each session. You will earn your micro-credential after you increase your use of the 4:1 technique from your first session.
For the 4:1 technique demonstration described above, please submit a reflection. Use the following questions as guidance (200-word limit for each response):
University of Central Florida
© 2014 Taylor, M., Mrstik, S., Dieker, L., and Straub, C.